- Authors: Bissig, C., Croisé, P., Heiligenstein, X., Hurbain, I., Lenk, G. M., Kaufman, E., Sannerud, R., Annaert, W., Meisler, M. H., Weisman, L. S., Raposo, G., van Niel, G.
- Year: 2019
- Journal: Journal of Cell Science
- Applications: in vitro / DNA / jetPRIME
- Cell type: MNT-1
Description: Human melanoma derived from metastatic site: lymph node
Known as: MNT1 ; MNT
The metabolism of PI(3,5)P2 is regulated by the PIKfyve, VAC14 and FIG4 complex, mutations in which are associated with hypopigmentation in mice. These pigmentation defects indicate a key, but as yet unexplored, physiological relevance of this complex in the biogenesis of melanosomes. Here, we show that PIKfyve activity regulates formation of amyloid matrix composed of PMEL protein within the early endosomes in melanocytes, called stage I melanosomes. PIKfyve activity controls the membrane remodeling of stage I melanosomes, which regulates PMEL abundance, sorting and processing. PIKfyve activity also affects stage I melanosome kiss-and-run interactions with lysosomes, which are required for PMEL amyloidogenesis and the establishment of melanosome identity. Mechanistically, PIKfyve activity promotes both the formation of membrane tubules from stage I melanosomes and their release by modulating endosomal actin branching. Taken together, our data indicate that PIKfyve activity is a key regulator of the melanosomal import-export machinery that fine tunes the formation of functional amyloid fibrils in melanosomes and the maintenance of melanosome identity.This article has an associated First Person interview with the first author of the paper.