• Authors: Furuya, F., Ishii, T., Tamura, S., Takahashi, K., Kobayashi, H., Ichijo, M., Takizawa, S., Kaneshige, M., Suzuki-Inoue, K., Kitamura, K.
  • Year: 2017
  • Journal: Sci Rep 7 43960
  • Applications: in vitro / DNA / jetPEI-Macrophage
  • Cell type: Mouse bone marrow-derived macrophages
    Description: Primary mouse bone marrow macrophages
    Known as: BMDM


In chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients, inflammation plays a pivotal role in the progression of renal fibrosis. Hypothyroidism is associated with an increased occurrence of atherosclerosis and inflammation, suggesting protective roles of thyroid hormones and their receptors against inflammatory processes. The contribution of thyroid hormone receptors to macrophage differentiation has not been well documented. Here, we focused on the endogenous thyroid hormone receptor alpha (TRalpha) in macrophages and examined the role of ligand-bound TRalpha in macrophage polarization-mediated anti-inflammatory effects. TRalpha-deficient irradiated chimeric mice showed exacerbated tubulointerstitial injury in a unilateral ureteral obstruction model. Compared with wild-type macrophages, macrophages isolated from the obstructed kidneys of mice lacking TRalpha displayed increased expression of proinflammatory cytokines that was accompanied by enhanced nuclear translocation of p65. Comparison of TRalpha-deficient bone marrow-derived macrophages with wild-type macrophages confirmed the propensity of the former cells to produce excessive IL-1beta levels. Co-culture of these macrophages with renal epithelial cells induced more severe damage to the epithelial cells via the IL-1 receptor. Our findings indicate that ligand-bound TRalpha on macrophages plays a protective role in kidney inflammation through the inhibition of NF-kappaB pathways, possibly by affecting the pro- and anti-inflammatory balance that controls the development of CKD.