• Authors: Yim, H. C., Wang, D., Yu, L., White, C. L., Faber, P. W., Williams, B. R., Sadler, A. J.
  • Year: 2016
  • Journal: Cell Res 26 367-79
  • Applications: in vitro / Poly (I:C) / jetPRIME
  • Cell type: Mouse embryonic immortalized fibroblasts
    Description: Immortalized mouse embryonic fibroblasts
    Known as: iMEF


The protein kinase R (PKR) functions in the antiviral response by controlling protein translation and inflammatory cell signaling pathways. We generated a transgenic, knock-in mouse in which the endogenous PKR is expressed with a point mutation that ablates its kinase activity. This novel animal allows us to probe the kinase-dependent and -independent functions of PKR. We used this animal together with a previously generated transgenic mouse that is ablated for PKR expression to determine the role of PKR in regulating the activity of the cryopyrin inflammasome. Our data demonstrate that, in contradiction to earlier reports, PKR represses cryopyrin inflammasome activity. We demonstrate that this control is mediated through the established function of PKR to inhibit protein translation of constituents of the inflammasome to prevent initial priming during innate immune signaling. These findings identify an important role for PKR to dampen inflammation during the innate immune response and caution against the previously proposed therapeutic strategy to inhibit PKR to treat inflammation.