• Authors: Ma, J., Wu, K., Bai, W., Cui, X., Chen, Y., Xie, Y.
  • Year: 2017
  • Journal: EBioMedicine 20 70-78
  • Applications: in vitro / siRNA / INTERFERin
  • Cell type: JeKo-1
    Description: Mouse lymphoma cell line


At our center, relapsed mantle cell lymphoma (MCL) can be treated with maintenance therapy composed of consecutive low-dose lenalidomide and short-term, high-dose dexamethasone (LD regimen), which achieves good responses (longer overall survival and progression-free survival) and low toxicity. Cereblon is probably targeted by both lenalidomide and dexamethasone, which leads to synergistic cytotoxicity in MCL by inhibiting the interleukin-6/signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (IL-6/STAT3), phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)/AKT and AKT2/Forkhead box O3 (FOXO3A)/BCL2-like 11 (BIM) pathways. The two drugs synergistically inhibit the same pathways, but through different sites. Cereblon was found expressed in most of the MCL tissues (91.3% positivity). Moreover, cereblon expression is positively correlated with LD regimen sensitivity: long-term lenalidomide exposure downregulates cereblon and induces multi-drug resistance against lenalidomide, dexamethasone, cytarabine, cisplatin, and methotrexate in vitro. Removal of lenalidomide resensitizes lenalidomide-resistant MCL cells to lenalidomide and dexamethasone. Our work suggests that rotating the LD regimen with other regimens would improve MCL maintenance therapy.