- Authors: Cheah JS. et al.
- Year: 2021
- Journal: Mol Biol Cell 32 1221-1228
- Applications: in vitro / DNA / jetOPTIMUS
- Cell type: MDCK GII
MDCK GII cells were cultured in DMEM supplemented with 10% FBS and antibiotics. Cells were either transiently or stably transfected with plasmids using Lipofectamine 3000 or jetOPTIMUS according to the manufacturer’s protocol.
Sensing physical forces is a critical first step in mechano-transduction of cells. Zyxin, a LIM domain-containing protein, is recruited to force-bearing actin filaments and is thought to repair and strengthen them. Yet, the precise force-induced protein interactions surrounding zyxin remain unclear. Using BioID analysis, we identified proximal proteins surrounding zyxin under normal and force-bearing conditions by label-free mass spectrometry analysis. Under force-bearing conditions, increased biotinylation of α-actinin 1, α-actinin 4, and AFAP1 were detected, and these proteins accumulated along force-bearing actin fibers independently from zyxin, albeit at a lower intensity than zyxin. VASP also accumulated along force-bearing actin fibers in a zyxin-dependent manner, but the biotinylation of VASP remained constant regardless of force, supporting the model of a free zyxin-VASP complex in the cytoplasm being corecruited to tensed actin fibers. In addition, ARHGAP42, a RhoA GAP, was also identified as a proximal protein of zyxin and colocalized with zyxin along contractile actin bundles. The overexpression of ARHGAP42 reduced the rate of small wound closure, a zyxin-dependent process. These results demonstrate that the application of proximal biotinylation can resolve the proximity and composition of protein complexes as a function of force, which had not been possible with traditional biochemical analysis.