- Authors: Chen X. et al.
- Year: 2021
- Journal: Mol Ther Oncol 21 144-157
- Applications: in vitro / DNA / PEIpro
- Cell type: HEK-293T
Description: Human embryonic kidney Fibroblast
Known as: HEK293T, 293T
Using PEIpro (Polyplus) as the transfection reagents, 293T cells were transfected with the pcDNA3.1 encoding trap protein labeled with His-tag. - Culture supernatant was harvested 3 days after transfection - Protein purified with HisPur Ni-NTA Resin
Despite the remarkable success of chimeric antigen receptor-modified T (CAR-T) cell therapy for blood malignancies, the clinical efficacy of this novel therapy in solid tumor treatment is largely limited by the immunosuppressive tumor microenvironment (TME). For instance, immune checkpoints (e.g., programmed cell death protein 1 [PD-1]/programmed death ligand 1 [PD-L1]) in TME play an important role in inhibiting T cell proliferation and functions. Transforming growth factor β (TGF)-β secreted by cancer cells in TME induces regulatory T cells (Tregs) and inhibits cytotoxic T cells. To overcome the inhibitory effect of immune checkpoints, we have previously engineered CAR-T cells to secrete anti-PD-1 to block the PD-1/PD-L1 pathway activity, a step demonstrating superior antitumor efficacy compared with conventional CAR-T cells. In this study, we engineered CAR-T cells that secrete bispecific trap protein co-targeting PD-1 and TGF-β, with the aim of further improving antitumor immunity. Compared with conventional CAR-T cells and anti-PD-1-secreting CAR-T cells, data from in vitro and in vivo experiments showed that CAR-T cells with trap protein secretion further attenuated inhibitory T cell signaling, enhanced T cell persistence and expansion, and improved effector function and resistance to exhaustion. In the xenograft mouse model, CAR-T cells with trap protein secretion exhibited significantly enhanced antitumor immunity and efficacy. With these observations, we demonstrate the potential of trap protein self-secreting CAR-T cells as a potent therapy for solid tumors.