• Authors: Zhang N. et al.
  • Year: 2020
  • Journal: Redox Biol 30 101419
  • Applications: in vitro / siRNA / jetPRIME
  • Cell type: HUVEC
    Description: Human umbilical vein endothelial cells


Oxidative stress-associated endothelial injury is the initial event and major cause of multiple cardiovascular diseases such as atherosclerosis and hypertensive angiopathy. A protein homeostasis imbalance is a critical cause of endothelial injury, and homologous to E6AP C-terminus (HECT)-type E3 ubiquitin ligases are the core factors controlling protein homeostasis. Although HECT-type E3 ubiquitin ligases are involved in the regulation of cardiac development and diseases, their roles in endothelial injury remain largely unknown. This study aimed to identify which HECT-type E3 ubiquitin ligase is involved in endothelial injury and clarify the mechanisms at molecular, cellular, and organism levels. We revealed a novel role of the HECT-type E3 ubiquitin ligase WWP2 in regulating endothelial injury and vascular remodeling after endothelial injury. Endothelial/myeloid-specific WWP2 knockout in mice significantly aggravated angiotensin II/oxidative stress-induced endothelial injury and vascular remodeling after endothelial injury. The same results were obtained from in vitro experiments. Mechanistically, the endothelial injury factor Septin4 was identified as a novel physiological substrate of WWP2. In addition, WWP2 interacted with the GTPase domain of Septin4, ubiquitinating Septin4-K174 to degrade Septin4 through the ubiquitin-proteasome system, which inhibited the Septin4-PARP1 endothelial damage complex. These results identified the first endothelial injury-associated physiological pathway regulated by HECT-type E3 ubiquitin ligases in vivo as well as a unique proteolytic mechanism through which WWP2 controls endothelial injury and vascular remodeling after endothelial injury. These findings might provide a novel treatment strategy for oxidative stress-associated atherosclerosis and hypertensive vascular diseases.