- Authors: Graziani, I., Bagala, C., Duarte, M., Soldi, R., Kolev, V., Tarantini, F., Kumar, T. K., Doyle, A., Neivandt, D., Yu, C., Maciag, T., Prudovsky, I.
- Year: 2006
- Journal: Biochem Biophys Res Commun 349 192-9
- Applications: in vitro / DNA / jetPEI
- Cell type: NIH/3T3
Description: Murine embryonic fibroblasts
Known as: NIH/3T3, 3T3
Fibroblast growth factor (FGF)1 is released from cells as a constituent of a complex that contains the small calcium binding protein S100A13, and the p40 kDa form of synaptotagmin (Syt)1, through an ER-Golgi-independent stress-induced pathway. FGF1 and the other components of its secretory complex are signal peptide-less proteins. We examined their capability to interact with lipid bilayers by studying protein-induced carboxyfluorescein release from liposomes of different phospholipid (pL) compositions. FGF1, p40 Syt1, and S100A13 induced destabilization of liposomes composed of acidic but not of zwitterionic pL. We produced mutants of FGF1 and p40 Syt1, in which specific basic amino acid residues in the regions that bind acidic pL were substituted. The ability of these mutants to induce liposomes destabilization was strongly attenuated, and they exhibited drastically diminished spontaneous and stress-induced release. Apparently, the non-classical release of FGF1 and p40 Syt1 involves destabilization of membranes containing acidic pL.