• Authors: Lalonde ME. et al.
  • Year: 2020
  • Journal: J Biotechnol 307 87-97
  • Applications: in vitro / DNA / PEIpro
  • Cell type: CHO
    Description: Chinese hamster ovary cells


Alpha-1-antitrypsin (A1AT) is an abundant serum inhibitor of serine proteases. A1AT deficiency is a common genetic disorder which is currently treated with augmentation therapies. These treatments involve weekly injections of patients with purified plasma-derived A1AT. Such therapies can be extremely expensive and rely on plasma donors. Hence, large-scale production of recombinant A1AT (rA1AT) could greatly benefit these patients, as it could decrease the cost of treatments, reduce biosafety concerns and ensure quantitative and qualitative controls of the protein. In this report, we sought to produce α2,6-sialylated rA1AT with our cumate-inducible stable CHO pool expression system. Our different CHO pools could reach volumetric productivities of 1,2 g/L. The human α2,6-sialyltransferase was stably expressed in these cells in order to mimic elevated α2,6-sialylation levels of native A1AT protein. Sialylation of the recombinant protein was stable over the duration of the fed-batch production phase and was higher in a pool where cells were sorted and enriched by FACS based on cell-surface α2,6-sialylation. Addition of ManNAc to the cell culture media during production enhanced both α2,3 and α2,6 A1AT sialylation levels whereas addition of 2F-peracetylfucose potently inhibited fucosylation of the protein. Finally, we demonstrated that rA1AT proteins exhibited human neutrophil elastase inhibitory activities similar to the commercial human plasma-derived A1AT.