Citation

  • Authors: Ostapska H. et al.
  • Year: 2021
  • Journal: mBio
  • Applications: in vitro / DNA / FectoPRO
  • Cell type: HEK-293F

Method

The plasmids were then transiently transfected into Freestyle 293 S (HEK293-S) cell lines for expression trials using FectoPro transfection reagent. The culture supernatants containing the secreted proteins were harvested at 3 and 6 days to measure protein yield. Six days was established as the essential incubation time for maximum protein expression. The cells were spun down, and the secreted His-tagged protein was purified from the supernatant by affinity chromatography followed by gel filtration using a HiLoad 16/600 Superdex 200 prep-grade column.

Abstract

Aspergillus fumigatus is a ubiquitous mold that can cause invasive pulmonary infections in immunocompromised patients. Within the lung, A. fumigatus forms biofilms that can enhance resistance to antifungals and immune defenses. Aspergillus biofilm formation requires the production of a cationic matrix exopolysaccharide, galactosaminogalactan (GAG). In this study, recombinant glycoside hydrolases (GH)s that degrade GAG were evaluated as antifungal agents in a mouse model of invasive aspergillosis. Intratracheal GH administration was well tolerated by mice. Pharmacokinetic analysis revealed that although GHs have short half-lives, GH prophylaxis resulted in reduced fungal burden in leukopenic mice and improved survival in neutropenic mice, possibly through augmenting pulmonary neutrophil recruitment. Combining GH prophylaxis with posaconazole treatment resulted in a greater reduction in fungal burden than either agent alone. This study lays the foundation for further exploration of GH therapy in invasive fungal infections. IMPORTANCE The biofilm-forming mold Aspergillus fumigatus is a common causative agent of invasive fungal airway disease in patients with a compromised immune system or chronic airway disease. Treatment of A. fumigatus infection is limited by the few available antifungals to which fungal resistance is becoming increasingly common. The high mortality rate of A. fumigatus-related infection reflects a need for the development of novel therapeutic strategies. The fungal biofilm matrix is in part composed of the adhesive exopolysaccharide galactosaminogalactan, against which antifungals are less effective. Previously, we demonstrated antibiofilm activity with recombinant forms of the glycoside hydrolase enzymes that are involved in galactosaminogalactan biosynthesis. In this study, prophylaxis with glycoside hydrolases alone or in combination with the antifungal posaconazole in a mouse model of experimental aspergillosis improved outcomes. This study offers insight into the therapeutic potential of combining biofilm disruptive agents to leverage the activity of currently available antifungals.

Pubmed