Citation

  • Authors: Hua, Z., Zhan, Y., Zhang, S., Dong, Y., Jiang, M., Tan, F., Liu, Z., Thiele, C. J., Li, Z.
  • Year: 2018
  • Journal: Apoptosis 23 408-419
  • Applications: in vitro / siRNA / jetPRIME
  • Cell type: Neuroblastoma cells

Abstract

The over-expressions of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) and its tyrosine kinase receptor TrkB have been reported to induce chemo-resistance in neuroblastoma (NB) cells. In this study, we investigated the roles of P53 and BCL2 family members in the protection of BDNF/TrkB from etoposide-induced NB cell death. TB3 and TB8, two tetracycline (TET)-regulated TrkB-expressing NB cell lines, were utilized. The expressions of P53 and BCL2 family members were detected by Western blot or RT-PCR. Transfection of siRNAs was used to knockdown P53 or PUMA. Activated lentiviral was used to over-express PUMA. Cell survival was performed by MTS assay, and the percentage of cell confluence was measured by IncuCyte ZOOM. Our results showed that etoposide treatment induced significant and time-dependent increase of P53, which could be blocked by pre-treatment with BDNF, and knockdown P53 by transfecting siRNA attenuated etoposide-induced TrkB-expressing NB cell death. PUMA was the most significantly changed BCL2 family member after treatment with etoposide, and pre-treatment with BDNF blocked the increased expression of PUMA. Transfection with siRNA inhibited etoposide-induced increased expression of PUMA, and attenuated etoposide-induced NB cell death. We also found that over-expression of PUMA by infection of activated lentiviral induced TrkB-expressing NB cell death in the absence of etoposide, and treatment of BDNF protected NB cells from PUMA-induced cell death. Our results suggested that P53 and PUMA may be potential targets that mediated the protection of BDNF/TrkB from etoposide-induced NB cell death.

Pubmed