• Authors: Valkama, A. J., Leinonen, H. M., Lipponen, E. M., Turkki, V., Malinen, J., Heikura, T., Yla-Herttuala, S., Lesch, H. P.
  • Year: 2018
  • Journal: Gene Ther 25 39-46
  • Applications: in vitro / DNA / PEIpro
  • Cell type: HEK-293T
    Description: Human embryonic kidney Fibroblast
    Known as: HEK293T, 293T


Lentiviral vectors (LVs) are promising tools for gene therapy. However, scaling up the production methods of LVs in order to produce high-quality vectors for clinical purposes has proven to be difficult. In this article, we present a scalable and efficient method to produce LVs with transient transfection of adherent 293T cells in a fixed-bed bioreactor. The disposable iCELLis bioreactors are scalable with a large three-dimensional (3D) growth area range between 0.53 and 500 m(2), an integrated perfusion system, and a controllable environment for production. In this study, iCELLis Nano (2.67-4 m(2)) was used for optimizing production parameters for scale-up. Transfections were first done using traditional calcium phosphate method, but in later runs polyethylenimine was found to be more reliable and easier to use. For scalable LV production, perfusion rate control by measuring cell metabolite concentrations in the bioreactor leads to higher productivity and reduced costs. Optimization of cell seeding density for targeted cell concentration during transfection, use of low compaction fixed-bed and lowering the culture pH have a positive effect on LV productivity. These results show for the first time that iCELLis bioreactor is scalable from bench level to clinical scale LV production.