• Authors: Ardestani A. et al.
  • Year: 2019
  • Journal: Nat Commun 10 5015
  • Applications: in vitro / DNA / jetPRIME
  • Cell type: INS-1E
    Description: Rat pancreatic beta-cell
    Known as: INS 1, INS1


The loss of functional insulin-producing ?-cells is a hallmark of diabetes. Mammalian sterile 20-like kinase 1 (MST1) is a key regulator of pancreatic ?-cell death and dysfunction; its deficiency restores functional ?-cells and normoglycemia. The identification of MST1 inhibitors represents a promising approach for a ?-cell-protective diabetes therapy. Here, we identify neratinib, an FDA-approved drug targeting HER2/EGFR dual kinases, as a potent MST1 inhibitor, which improves ?-cell survival under multiple diabetogenic conditions in human islets and INS-1E cells. In a pre-clinical study, neratinib attenuates hyperglycemia and improves ?-cell function, survival and ?-cell mass in type 1 (streptozotocin) and type 2 (obese Leprdb/db) diabetic mouse models. In summary, neratinib is a previously unrecognized inhibitor of MST1 and represents a potential ?-cell-protective drug with proof-of-concept in vitro in human islets and in vivo in rodent models of both type 1 and type 2 diabetes.