- Authors: Duan W. et al.
- Year: 2021
- Journal: Mol Neurobiol
- Applications: in vivo / DNA, sgRNA / in vivo-jetPEI-Man
Background: TANK-binding kinase1 (TBK1) haploinsufficiency has been shown to cause both amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and frontotemporal dementia (FTD); however, the mechanism is unclear. Methods: Myeloid Tbk1 knockout mice (Tbk1-LKO mice) were established and motor function and pathological analyses were also performed. The level of p-TBK1 was analyzed in the ALS animal model and in patient samples using flow cytometry. The expression of inflammatory proteins and mRNAs was analyzed via western blotting and RT-PCR, respectively. Results: The latency to fall in seven-month-old Tbk1-LKO mice was significantly reduced in evaluations conducted on two consecutive days. Overall, 25.6% of Tbk1-LKO mice presented paralysis symptoms and signs, along with a loosened myelin sheath and axon degeneration at 14-16 months of age. Furthermore, the Tbk1 deficiency in myeloid cells induced inflammatory cell infiltration and dysbacteriosis in the digestive tract. Additionally, p-TBK1 levels were reduced by 29.5% and 14.8% in monocytes of patients with definite ALS and probable ALS and decreased by 27.6% and 45.5% in monocytes and microglia of ALS animals, respectively. The use of PEI-mannose-TBK1 or PEI-mannose-SaCas9-sgRNA to delete mutant SOD1 in macrophages significantly delayed disease onset and prolonged survival in the mouse model of ALS. Conclusions: Based on these data, inflammatory monocyte and macrophage infiltration and impaired innate immune defenses contribute to ALS and FTD.Keywords: Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis; Frontotemporal dementia; Macrophage; Tbk1.