- Authors: Wang Z. et al.
- Year: 2022
- Journal: Allergy Asthma Clin Immunol 18 55
- Applications: in vivo / DNA / in vivo-jetPEI
To explore whether KIF2A was involved in allergic airway inflammation pathogenesis, 50 µg pCMV6-KIF2A-ORF or vehicle was complexed with in vivo-jetPEI™ (201-50 g, Polyplus Transfection, New York, USA) in 200 µl of 5% glucose solution and injected into the tail vein before the HDM challenge on days 6 and 10. The mice were sacrificed 3 days after the final challenge, and bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) and lung tissues were collected for analyses.
Background: The microtubule-dependent molecular motor protein Kinesin Family Member 2A (KIF2A) is down-regulated in asthmatic human airway epithelium. However, little is known about the roles of KIF2A as well as the possible underlying mechanisms in asthma. Methods: House dust mite (HDM) extract was administered to establish a murine model of asthma. The expression of KIF2A, IL-33 and the autophagy pathways were detected. The plasmid pCMV-KIF2A was used to overexpress KIF2A in the airway epithelial cells in vitro and in vivo. IL-4, IL-5, IL-33 and other cytokines in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) and lung tissues homogenates were measured. Results: In response to the challenge of house dust mite (HDM) in vitro and in vivo, airway epithelial cells displayed decreased production of KIF2A. Meanwhile, autophagy and IL-33 were increased in HMD-treated epithelial cells. Mechanistically, KIF2A decreased autophagy via suppressing mTORC1 pathway in HDM-treated epithelial cells, which contributed to the reduced production of IL-33. Moreover, in vivo KIF2A transfection reduced IL-33 and autophagy in the lung, leading to the attenuation of allergic asthma. Conclusion: KIF2A suppressed mTORC1-mediated autophagy and decreased the production of epithelial-derived cytokine IL-33 in allergic airway inflammation. These data indicate that KIF2A may be a novel target in allergic asthma.