- Authors: Pei, G., Schnettger, L., Bronietzki, M., Repnik, U., Griffiths, G., Gutierrez, M. G.
- Year: 2015
- Journal: Mol Biol Cell 26 3061-70
- Applications: in vitro / DNA / jetPEI-Macrophage
- Cell type: RAW 264.7
Description: Mouse monocytes/macrophages
Known as: RAW
1 × 10^5 cells/well were seeded in a 24-well plate 1 d before transfection. 1 μg of plasmidic DNA and 3 μl of jetPEI-Macrophage was used for each transfection.
Little is known about the molecular players that regulate changes in the endocytic pathway during immune activation. Here we investigate the role of Rab20 in the endocytic pathway during activation of macrophages. Rab20 is associated with endocytic structures, but the function of this Rab GTPase in the endocytic pathway remains poorly characterized. We find that in macrophages, Rab20 expression and endosomal association significantly increase after interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma) treatment. Moreover, IFN-gamma and Rab20 expression induce a dramatic enlargement of endosomes. These enlarged endosomes are the result of homotypic fusion promoted by Rab20 expression. The expression of Rab20 or the dominant-negative mutant Rab20T19N does not affect transferrin or dextran 70 kDa uptake. However, knockdown of Rab20 accelerates epidermal growth factor (EGF) trafficking to LAMP-2-positive compartments and EGF receptor degradation. Thus this work defines a function for Rab20 in the endocytic pathway during immune activation of macrophages.