- Authors: Chen, T. J., Wang, D. C., Hung, H. S., Ho, H. F.
- Year: 2014
- Journal: Cell Mol Life Sci 71 4069-80
- Applications: in vitro / oligonucleotide / jetPRIME
- Cell type: Rat primary cortical neurons
Description: Primary rat cortical neurons
Learning and memory depend on long-term synaptic plasticity including long-term potentiation (LTP) and depression (LTD). Activity-regulated cytoskeleton-associated protein (Arc) plays versatile roles in synaptic plasticity mainly through inducing F-actin formation, underlying consolidation of LTP, and promoting AMPA receptor (AMPAR) endocytosis, underlying LTD. Insulin can also induce LTD by facilitating the internalization of AMPARs. In neuroblastoma cells, insulin induced a dramatic increase in Arc mRNA and Arc protein levels, which may underlie the memory-enhancing action of insulin. Thus, a hypothesis was made that, in response to insulin, increased AMPAR endocytosis leads to enhanced Arc expression, and vice versa. Primary cultures of neonatal Sprague-Dawley rat cortical neurons were used. Using Western-blot analysis and immunofluorescent staining, our results reveal that inhibiting AMPAR-mediated responses with AMPAR antagonists significantly enhanced whereas blocking AMPAR endocytosis with various reagents significantly prevented insulin (200 nM, 2 h)-induced Arc expression. Furthermore, via surface biotinylation assay, we demonstrate that acute blockade of new Arc synthesis after insulin stimulation using Arc antisense oligodeoxynucleotide prevented insulin-stimulated AMPAR endocytosis. These findings suggest for the first time that an interaction exists between insulin-stimulated AMPAR endocytosis and insulin-induced Arc expression.