- Authors: Kim EH. et al.
- Year: 2020
- Journal: Cancers 12 1203
- Applications: in vivo / miRNA / in vivo-jetPEI
Therapy was started when the tumor volume reached ~200 mm3 (Mice = Lymphoma Xenograpft Subcutaneous model)
Backgrounds: Radioimmunotherapy (RIT) serves as a targeted therapy for non-Hodgkin lymphomas (NHL). Although HIF(Hypoxia-inducible factors)-1α is an important biomarker during radiation therapy, its role in NHL is unclear. Atorvastatin (ATV) is used as a combination drug for chemotherapy. Methods: We investigated whether ATV downregulated tumor radio-resistance and enhanced the anticancer effect of 131I-RTX (rituximab) in Raji xenograft mouse models. First, the increased uptake and enhanced therapeutic effect of 131I-RTX by ATV was confirmed using molecular imaging in Raji xenograft subcutaneous model and orthotropic model with SPECT and IVIS images. Second, we examined the profile of differentially expressed miRNAs using miRNA array. Results: We found that miR-346 inhibited HIF-1α/VEGF (Vascular endothelial growth factor) during ATV combination therapy with 131I-RTX. The underlying mechanism of ATV involved induction of anti-angiogenesis and radiosensitivity by downregulating HIF-1α in Raji cells. Conclusion: Our findings suggested that combination therapy with ATV and 131I-RTX is a promising strategy for enhancing the potency of 131I-RTX therapy in poorly responding patients and those with radio-resistance.