- Authors: Keil, E., Finkenstadt, D., Wufka, C., Trilling, M., Liebfried, P., Strobl, B., Muller, M., Pfeffer, K.
- Year: 2014
- Journal: Blood 123 520-9
- Applications: in vitro / DNA / jetPEI, jetPRIME
- Cell type: MEF
Description: Murine embryonic fibroblast cells
Janus kinases (Jak) play essential roles in cytokine and growth factor signaling. Conventional gene targeting of Jak2, creating a null allele, leads to a block in definitive erythropoiesis as a result of failing signal transduction at the homomeric erythropoietin receptor (EpoR) and at the heteromeric interferon gamma receptor (IFNGR). To investigate the in vivo relevance of the activation loop of Jak2, a Jak2-YY1007/1008FF knockin mutation was introduced into the germline of mice. The phenotype of the Jak2(FF/FF) mouse line reveals that tyrosine residues 1007/1008 are absolutely essential for kinase function and signal transduction at the homomeric EpoR. Detailed studies using the Jak2 activation loop mutant uncover an essential scaffolding function of Jak2 within the IFNGR receptor complex and reveal that Jak1 can mediate a semi-redundant function for IFNGR signal transduction. These studies are highly important for the molecular understanding of cytokine and growth factor signaling and provide new insights for future strategies in the design of pharmacological blockers of Jak2.