- Authors: Schneider, M. A., Spoden, G. A., Florin, L., Lambert, C.
- Year: 2011
- Journal: Cell Microbiol 13 32-46
- Applications: in vitro / Protein/Peptide/Antibody / PULSin
- Cell types:
- Name: HaCaT
Description: Human keratinocyte cells
- Name: HeLa
Description: Human cervix epitheloid carcinoma cells
- Name: HaCaT
Human papillomaviruses (HPVs) are a family of small non-enveloped DNA viruses. Some genital HPV types, including HPV type 16 (HPV16), are the causative agent for the development of cancer at the site of infection. HPVs encode two capsid proteins, L1 and L2. After endocytic cell entry and egress from endosomes, L2 accompanies the viral DNA to the nucleus where replication is initiated. For cytoplasmic transport, L2 interacts with the microtubule network via the motor protein complex dynein. We have performed yeast two-hybrid screening and identified the dynein light chain DYNLT1 (previously called Tctex1) as interaction partner of HPV16 L2. Using co-immunoprecipitation and immunofluorescence colocalization studies we confirmed the L2-DYNLT1 interaction in mammalian cells. Further studies revealed that DYNLT3, the second member of the Tctex-light chain family, also interacts with L2 in vitro and in vivo, whereas other constituents of the dynein complex were not found to associate with L2. Depletion of DYNLT1 and DYNLT3 by specific siRNAs or cytosolic delivery of light chain-specific antibodies inhibited infection of HPV16. Therefore, this work identified two host cell proteins involved in HPV16 infection that are most likely required for transport purposes towards the nucleus.