• Authors: Wang, W., Bian, H., Li, F., Li, X., Zhang, D., Sun, S., Song, S., Zhu, Q., Ren, W., Qin, C., Qi, J.
  • Year: 2018
  • Journal: Cell Mol Life Sci 75 2627-2641
  • Applications: in vitro / miRNA, siRNA / INTERFERin
  • Cell type: RAW 264.7
    Description: Mouse monocytes/macrophages
    Known as: RAW


Activation of Kupffer cells (KCs) induced that inflammatory cytokine production plays a central role in the pathogenesis of HBV infection. The previous studies from our and other laboratory demonstrated miRNAs can regulate TLR-inducing inflammatory responses to macrophage. However, the involvement of miRNAs in HBV-associated antigen-induced macrophage activation is still not thoroughly understood. Here, we evaluated the effects and mechanisms of miR-155 in HBV-associated antigen-induced macrophage activation. First, co-culture assay of HepG2 or HepG2.2.15 cells and RAW264.7 macrophages showed that HepG2.2.15 cells could significantly promote macrophages to produce inflammatory cytokines. Furthermore, we, respectively, stimulated RAW264.7 macrophages, mouse primary peritoneal macrophages, or healthy human peripheral blood monocytes with HBV-associated antigens, including HBcAg, HBeAg, and HBsAg, and found that only HBeAg could steadily enhance the production of inflammatory cytokines in these cells. Subsequently, miRNAs sequencing presented the up- or down-regulated expression of multiple miRNAs in HBeAg-stimulated RAW264.7 cells. In addition, we verified the expression of miR-155 and its precursors BIC gene with q-PCR in the system of co-culture or HBeAg-stimulated macrophages. Meanwhile, the increased miR-155 expression was positively correlation with serum ALT, AST, and HBeAg levels in AHB patients. Although MAPK, PI3K, and NF-kappaB signal pathways were all activated during HBeAg treatment, only PI3K and NF-kappaB pathways were involved in miR-155 expression induced by HBeAg stimulation. Consistently, miR-155 over-expression inhibited production of inflammatory cytokines, which could be reversed by knocking down miR-155. Moreover, we demonstrated that miR-155 regulated HBeAg-induced cytokine production by targeting BCL-6, SHIP-1, and SOCS-1. In conclusion, our data revealed that HBeAg augments the expression of miR-155 in macrophages via PI3K and NF-kappaB signal pathway and the increased miR-155 promotes HBeAg-induced inflammatory cytokine production by inhibiting the expression of BCL-6, SHIP-1, and SOCS-1.