• Authors: Billiet, L., Furman, C., Larigauderie, G., Copin, C., Brand, K., Fruchart, J. C., Rouis, M.
  • Year: 2005
  • Journal: J Biol Chem 280 40310-8
  • Applications: in vitro / DNA / jetPEI-Macrophage
  • Cell type: Human monocyte-derived macrophages
    Description: Human primary monocyte-derived macrophages


Oxidative stress plays an important role in atherosclerotic vascular disease, and several recent studies were focused on thioredoxin-1 (Trx-1) and its potential protective role against oxidative stress. Since human monocyte-derived macrophages (HMDM) are important cells in several inflammatory diseases including atherosclerosis, we conducted this study to evaluate the impact of extracellular recombinant human Trx-1 (rhTrx-1) on gene expression in lipopolysaccharide-activated HMDM. Our results showed that rhTrx-1 was capable of reducing interleukin (IL)-1beta mRNA and protein synthesis in a dose-dependent manner. This effect was partly mediated through a reduction of NF-kappaB activation as analyzed by transient transfection and gel shift assays. In addition, we showed that the attenuation of NF-kappaB activity was the result of the reduction of both p50 and p65 subunit mRNA and protein synthesis on one hand and of the induction of I-kappaBalpha mRNA and protein expression on the other hand. Moreover, inhibition of endogenous Trx-1 mRNA was also observed, suggesting a contribution to the diminution of NF-kappaB activity since endogenous Trx-1, in contrast to the exogenous Trx-1, activates the NF-kappaB system. Finally, H2O2-oxidized rhTrx-1 reduced IL-1beta mRNA synthesis in lipopolysaccharide-activated HMDM. This result highly suggested that the rhTrx-1 used in this study could be oxidized in the culture medium and, in turn, reduced IL-1beta mRNA and protein synthesis. Taken together, these data indicated a potential new mechanism through which extracellular rhTrx-1 exerts an anti-inflammatory function in HMDM.