- Authors: Li, L., Mao, B., Wu, S., Li, H., Lv, L., Ge, R., Cheng, Y.,
- Year: 2020
- Journal: Cell Death. Dis. 11 436
- Applications: in vivo / DNA / in vivo-jetPEI
Injection with 28-gauge insulin syringe. In order to avoid an acute rise in intra-testicular hydrostatic pressure during transfection mixture administration, needle was inserted vertically from the apical to the basal end of the testis, and as the needle was withdrawn, transfection solution was gently released and filled the entire testis as described.
Laminin-α2 chain is one of the major constituent proteins of the basement membrane in the mammalian testis. The laminin-type globular (LG) domains of LG3, 4 and 5 (LG3/4/5, an 80 kDa fragment) can be cleaved from laminin-α2 chain at the C-terminus via the action of matrix metalloproteinase 9 (MMP-9). This LG3/4/5 is a biologically active fragment, capable of modulating the Sertoli cell blood-testis barrier (BTB) function by tightening the barrier both in vitro and in vivo. Overexpression of LG3/4/5 cloned into a mammalian expression vector pCI-neo in Sertoli cells in a Sertoli cell in vitro model with a functional BTB also protected Sertoli cells from cadmium chloride (CdCl2, an environmental toxicant) mediated cell injury. Importantly, overexpression of LG3/4/5 in the testis in vivo was found to block or rescue cadmium-induced BTB disruption and testis injury. LG3/4/5 was found to exert its BTB and spermatogenesis promoting effects through corrective spatiotemporal expression of actin- and MT-based regulatory proteins by maintaining the cytoskeletons in the testis, illustrating the therapeutic implication of this novel bioactive fragment.