- Authors: Wang, Q., Wang, C., Li, N., Liu, X., Ren, W., Wang, Q., Cao, X.
- Year: 2018
- Journal: J Autoimmun 92 67-76
- Applications: in vitro / DNA, oligonucleotide / jetPEI
- Cell type: RAW 264.7
Description: Mouse monocytes/macrophages
Known as: RAW
For CRISPR applications. Cas9 and gRNA were transfected.
Structural maintenance of chromosome (Smc) protein complex (condensin) plays a central role in organizing and compacting chromosomes, which determines DNA-binding activity and gene expression; however, the role of condensin Smc in innate immunity and inflammation remains largely unknown. Through a high-throughput screening of the epigenetic modifiers, we identified Smc4, a core subunit of condensin, to potentially promote inflammatory innate immune response. Knockdown or deficiency of Smc4 inhibited TLR- or virus-triggered production of proinflammatory cytokines IL-6, TNF-alpha and IFN-beta in macrophages. Mice with Smc4 knockdown were less susceptible to sepsis. Mechanistically, Smc4 enhanced NEMO transcription by recruiting H4K5ac to and increasing H4K5 acetylation of nemo promoter, leading to innate signals-triggered more potent activation of NF-kappaB and IRF3 pathways. Therefore, Smc4 promotes inflammatory innate immune responses by enhancing NEMO transcription, and our data add insight to epigenetic regulation of innate immunity and inflammation, and outline potential target for controlling inflammatory diseases.