- Authors: Mons, C., Ferecatu, I., Riquier, S., Lescop, E., Bouton, C., Golinelli-Cohen, M. P.
- Year: 2017
- Journal: Methods Enzymol 595 83-106
- Applications: in vitro / siRNA / INTERFERin
- Cell type: HeLa
Description: Human cervix epitheloid carcinoma cells
MitoNEET is the first identified Fe-S protein anchored to mammalian outer mitochondrial membranes with the vast majority of the protein polypeptide located in the cytosol, including its [2Fe-2S] cluster-binding domain. The coordination of the cluster is unusual and involves three cysteines and one histidine. MitoNEET is capable of transferring its redox-active Fe-S cluster to a bacterial apo-ferredoxin in vitro even under aerobic conditions, unlike other Fe-S transfer proteins such as ISCU. This specificity suggests its possible involvement in Fe-S repair after oxidative and/or nitrosative stress. Recently, we identified cytosolic aconitase/iron regulatory protein 1 (IRP1) as the first physiological protein acceptor of the mitoNEET Fe-S cluster in an Fe-S repair process. This chapter describes methods to study in vitro mitoNEET Fe-S cluster transfer/repair to a bacterial ferredoxin used as a model aporeceptor and in a more comprehensive manner to cytosolic aconitase/IRP1 after a nitrosative stress using in vitro, in cellulo, and in vivo methods.