- Authors: Chomarat, P., Coge, F., Guenin, S. P., Mailliet, F., Vella, F., Mallet, C., Giraudet, S., Nagel, N., Leonce, S., Ferry, G., Delagrange, P., Boutin, J. A.
- Year: 2007
- Journal: Biochimie 89 1264-75
- Applications: in vitro / DNA / jetPEI
- Cell type: HT22
NRH:quinone oxidoreductase 2 (QR2) is a long forgotten oxidoreductive enzyme that metabolizes quinones and binds melatonin. We used the potency of the RNA interference (RNAi)-mediated gene silencing to build a cellular model in which the role of QR2 could be studied. Because standard approaches were poorly successful, we successively used: (1) two chemically synthesized fluorescent small interfering RNA (siRNA) duplexes designed and tested for their gene silencing capacity leading to a maximal 40% QR2 gene silencing 48h post-transfection; (2) double transfection and cell-sorting of high fluorescent siRNA-transfected HT22 cells further enhancing QR2 RNAi silencing to 88%; (3) stable QR2 knock-down HT22 cell lines established with H1and U6 promoter driven QR2 short hairpin RNA (shRNA) encoding vectors, resulting in a 71-80% reduction of QR2 enzymatic activity in both QR2 shRNA HT22 cells. Finally, as a first step in the study of this cellular model, we observed a 42-48% reduction of menadione/BNAH-mediated toxicity in QR2 shRNA cells compared to the wild-type HT22 cells. Although becoming widespread and in some cases effective, siRNA-mediated cellular knock-down proves in the present work to be of marginal efficiency. Much development is required for this technique to be of general application.