Citation

  • Authors: Yang R. et al.
  • Year: 2021
  • Journal: Front Immunol 12 654080
  • Applications: in vitro / DNA / FectoPRO
  • Cell type: CHO
    Description: Chinese hamster ovary cells

Method

The Y111 is a recombinant anti-PD-L1 and anti-CD3 (PD-L1 x CD3) bispecific antibody generated from the CHO cell expression system: Expression vectors were transfected into the CHO cells using Fecto PRO Reagent (Ployplus, New York, USA) according to the manufacturer’s protocols. After culturing for 7-days, the supernatant was collected and purified serially by Sepharose Fast Flow protein A affinity chromatography column Fab Affinity KBP Agarose High Flow Resin, and SP cation exchanged chromatography column.

Abstract

Vγ2Vδ2 T cell-based immunotherapy has benefited some patients in clinical trials, but the overall efficacy is low for solid tumor patients. In this study, a bispecific antibody against both PD-L1 and CD3 (PD-L1 x CD3), Y111, could efficiently bridge T cells and PD-L1 expressing tumor cells. The Y111 prompted fresh CD8+ T cell-mediated lysis of H358 cells, but spared this effect on the fresh Vδ2+ T cells enriched from the same donors, which suggested that Y111 could bypass the anti-tumor capacity of the fresh Vγ2Vδ2 T cells. As the adoptive transfer of the expanded Vγ2Vδ2 T cells was approved to be safe and well-tolerated in clinical trials, we hypothesized that the combination of the expanded Vγ2Vδ2 T cells with the Y111 would provide an alternative approach of immunotherapy. Y111 induced the activation of the expanded Vγ2Vδ2 T cells in a dose-dependent fashion in the presence of PD-L1 positive tumor cells. Moreover, Y111 increased the cytotoxicity of the expanded Vγ2Vδ2 T cells against various NSCLC-derived tumor cell lines with the releases of granzyme B, IFNγ, and TNFα in vitro. Meanwhile, the adoptive transferred Vγ2Vδ2 T cells together with the Y111 inhibited the growth of the established xenografts in NPG mice. Taken together, our data suggested a clinical potential for the adoptive transferring the Vγ2Vδ2 T cells with the Y111 to treat PD-L1 positive solid tumors.

Pubmed