- Authors: Ramiere, C., Rodriguez, J., Enache, L. S., Lotteau, V., Andre, P., Diaz, O.
- Year: 2014
- Journal: J Virol 88 3246-54
- Applications: in vitro / DNA / jetPEI
- Cell type: HEK-293T
Description: Human embryonic kidney Fibroblast
Known as: HEK293T, 293T
UNLABELLED: The study of cellular central carbon metabolism modulations induced by viruses is an emerging field. Human cytomegalovirus (HCMV), herpes simplex virus (HSV), Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus (KSHV), and hepatitis C virus (HCV) have been shown recently to reprogram cell metabolism to support their replication. During HCV infection the global glucidolipidic metabolism of hepatocytes is highly impacted. It was suggested that HCV might modify glucose uptake and glycolysis to increase fatty acids synthesis, but underlying mechanisms have not been completely elucidated. We thus investigated how HCV may modulate glycolysis. We observed that in infected Huh7.5 cells and in subgenomic replicon-positive Huh9.13 cells, glucose consumption as well as lactate secretion was increased. Using protein complementation assays and coimmunoprecipitation, we identified a direct interaction between the HCV NS5A protein and cellular hexokinase 2 (HK2), the first rate-limiting enzyme of glycolysis. NS5A expression was sufficient to enhance glucose consumption and lactate secretion in Huh7.5 cells. Moreover, determination of HK activity in cell homogenates revealed that addition of exogenous NS5A protein, either the full-length protein or its D2 or D3, but not D1, domain, was sufficient to increase enzyme activity. Finally, determination of recombinant HK2 catalytic parameters (V(max) and K(m)) in the presence of NS5A identified this viral protein as an activator of the enzyme. In summary, this study describes a direct interaction between HCV NS5A protein and cellular HK2 which is accompanied by an increase in HK2 activity that might contribute to an increased glycolysis rate during HCV infection. IMPORTANCE: Substantial evidence indicates that viruses reprogram the central carbon metabolism of the cell to support their replication. Nevertheless, precise underlying mechanisms are poorly described. Metabolic pathways are structured as connected enzymatic cascades providing elemental biomolecular blocks necessary for cell life and viral replication. In this study, we observed an increase in glucose consumption and lactate secretion in HCV-infected cells, revealing higher glycolytic activity. We also identified an interaction between the HCV NS5A nonstructural protein and cellular hexokinase 2, the first rate-limiting enzyme of glycolysis. This interaction results in an enhancement of catalytic parameters of the enzyme, which might explain, at least in part, the aerobic glycolysis shift observed in HCV-infected cells.