- Authors: Tietze, S., Schau, I., Michen, S., Ennen, F., Janke, A., Schackert, G., Aigner, A., Appelhans, D., Temme, A.
- Year: 2017
- Journal: Small 13
- Applications: in vitro / siRNA / INTERFERin
- Cell type: HEK-293T
Description: Human embryonic kidney Fibroblast
Known as: HEK293T, 293T
Therapeutics based on small interfering RNAs (siRNAs) offer a great potential to treat so far incurable diseases or metastatic cancer. However, the broad application of siRNAs using various nonviral carrier systems is hampered by unspecific toxic side effects, poor pharmacokinetics due to unwanted delivery of siRNA-loaded nanoparticles into nontarget organs, or rapid renal excretion. In order to overcome these obstacles, several targeting strategies using chemically linked antibodies and ligands have emerged. This study reports a new modular polyplex carrier system for targeted delivery of siRNA, which is based on transfection-disabled maltose-modified poly(propyleneimine)-dendrimers (mal-PPI) bioconjugated to single chain fragment variables (scFvs). To achieve targeted delivery into tumor cells expressing the epidermal growth factor receptor variant III (EGFRvIII), monobiotinylated anti-EGFRvIII scFv fused to a Propionibacterium shermanii transcarboxylase-derived biotinylation acceptor (P-BAP) is bioconjugated to mal-PPI through a novel coupling strategy solely based on biotin-neutravidin bridging. In contrast to polyplexes containing an unspecific control scFv-P-BAP, the generated EGFRvIII-specific polyplexes are able to exclusively deliver siRNA to tumor cells and tumors by receptor-mediated endocytosis. These results suggest that receptor-mediated uptake of otherwise noninternalized mal-PPI-based polyplexes is a promising avenue to improve siRNA therapy of cancer, and introduce a novel strategy for modular bioconjugation of protein ligands to nanoparticles.