INTERFERin®

siRNA, miRNA and other oligonucleotides

  • Great silencing using as little as 1 nM siRNA
  • Over 90% gene silencing in a wide variety of cells
  • Suitable for transfection miRNA and other oligonucleotides
  • Gentle mode of action for more robust data and excellent cell viability
  • Compatible with serum and antibiotics

Specifications

Reagent

INTERFERin®

Molecule delivered

siRNA, miRNA (microRNA), and other oligonucleotides: pre-miRNA, mimic miRNA, antimiR…

Applications

Transfection of siRNA and other oligonucleotides

Cell types

Adherent and suspension cells

Number of transfections

1 ml of INTERFERin® is sufficient to perform 500-1000 transfections in 24-well plates.

Storage

4 °C, stable for 6 months (409-01) to at least one year (other packaging sizes) when stored appropriately

Summary

INTERFERin® provides very high silencing efficiency already at 1 nM siRNA and can be used in more in a wide variety of adherent and suspension cells. Using low concentration of siRNA avoids off-target effects, and its gentle mode of action ensure more robust data and excellent cell viability. Easy to use thanks to its compatibility with serum and antibiotics, INTERFERin® is also perfectly suited for transfection of miRNA and other oligonucleotides like pre-miRNA, mimic miRNA, antimiR….

Ordering information

Amount of reagentCatalog Number
0.1 ml409-01
1 ml409-10
5 x 1 ml409-50

Less siRNA, less off-target effects

Several publications show that transfecting low siRNA concentrations avoids off-target effects. Indeed, these unwanted non specific side-effects are observed when transfecting siRNA at high concentrations (1,2). Hence, the reliability of the experimental data can be increased by using as little siRNA as possible. This is why INTERFERin® has been specifically designed to provide high silencing efficiency using low siRNA concentrations.
INTERFERin®-mediated delivery of 1 nM of a specific siRNA shows selective and highly efficient knockdown of gene expression, while a competitor (L2K) needs at least 10 nM siRNA to reach 50% silencing efficiency (Fig. 1).

INTERFERin - Graphic comparison L2K 3
Fig. 1: INTERFERin® only requires 1 nM siRNA for efficient gene silencing. 3LL cells stably expressing firefly luciferase were transfected with an anti-Luc siRNA using INTERFERin® or competitor L2K according to the manufacturer’s recommendation. Luciferase expression was measured after 48 h using a conventional assay. No inhibition was observed with control siRNA.

Amazingly, 50% silencing is still achieved at 10 pM siRNA (Fig. 2).

Fig. 2: INTERFERin<sup>®</sup> is highly efficient even at extremely low siRNA concentration (40 % silencing even at 10 pM).
Fig. 2: INTERFERin® is highly efficient even at extremely low siRNA concentration. A549-GL3Luc cells were transfected in the presence of serum with decreasing concentrations of an anti-Luc siRNA using INTERFERin®. Luciferase expression was measured after 48 h using a conventional assay. No inhibition was observed with control siRNA.

Transfection of 1 nM siRNA targeting endogenous lamin A/C with INTERFERin® drastically reduces lamin gene expression to barely detectable level (Fig. 3).

INTERFERin - Gene silencing
Fig. 3: Transfection of 1 nM siRNA with INTERFERin® results in efficient and specific gene silencing. CaSki cells were transfected with 1 nM lamin A/C siRNA using INTERFERin®. After 48 h, lamin A/C silencing efficiency was determined by immunofluorescence microscopy.

1. Birmingham, A. et al., (2006) Nature Methods, Vol.3, No3, 199-204
2. Caffrey, D. et al., (2011) PLoS One. 2011;6(7):e21503. Epub 2011 Jul 5.

Suitable for miRNA transfection

Transfection of microRNA (miRNA) oligonucleotides is increasingly being used to analyze biological effects of specific miRNAs on cell function. INTERFERin® is the reagent of choice for delivering miRNA, miRNA mimics or pre-miRNAs.
INTERFERin® is the latest generation siRNA & miRNA transfection reagent, especially designed for high transfection efficiency in a wide variety of cells, resulting in high gene silencing or stimulation of gene expression. Indeed, some miRNA are also known to induce gene expression by association with the promoter of the gene of interest. For example, INTERFERin®-mediated delivery of miR-373 leads to a 3 fold increase in E-Cadherin expression (Fig. 4).

Transfection of miR-373 with INTERFERin<sup>®</sup> induces 3-fold increase of E-cadherin expression
Fig. 4: Transfection of miR-373 with INTERFERin® enhances E-cadherin expression. PC-3 cells were seeded in a 6-well plate and transfected with miR-373 (25 nM) using 8 µl per well of INTERFERin®. 72h after transfection, E-cadherin mRNA expression level was determined by RT-qPCR. The assay was normalized with the HPRT-1 gene expression.

The cationic components of INTERFERin® require very little oligonucleotide amount, resulting in a gentle transfection process. In addition, the easy and robust protocol ensures reproducible results. Oligonucleotides like miRNA can be transfected with small quantities of INTERFERin® resulting in strong gene silencing or stimulation of gene expression. Whatever the concentration of INTERFERin® used, the effect stays approximately the same making INTERFERin® an economical reagent. For example, the fold change using different volume of INTERFERin® is always between 1.5 and 1.8 (Fig. 5).

10 nM miR-373 transfected with 6 µl INTERFERin<sup>®</sup> in PC-3 cells result in 1.8-fold increase in E-cadherin expression.
Fig. 5: INTERFERin® is already efficient at very low amounts. PC-3 cells were seeded in a 6-well plate and transfected with miR-373 (10 nM) using 4, 6 or 8 µl per well of INTERFERin®. 72h post-transfection, E-cadherin expression was analyzed by Western Blot. The assay was normalized using β-actin expression. The quantification was expressed by taking the control situation as reference.

High transfection efficiency associated with high cell viability makes INTERFERin® the reagent of choice for generating relevant data for scientific publications. Indeed, the number of publications using INTERFERin® for miRNA and miRNA related molecules has been exponentially growing since its launch (Fig. 6).

INTERFERin - Number of publications
Fig. 6: INTERFERin® is involved in an increasing number of publication about miRNA transfection.

Over 90 % gene silencing

For many adherent cell lines or primary cells, 1 nM siRNA is sufficient to obtain more than 90 % gene silencing. For suspension cell lines, 80 % silencing can still be reached by INTERFERin® using 5 nM siRNA (Table 1).

INTERFERin - Cell table
Table 1: Successfully transfected cell lines and silencing efficiencies obtained with INTERFERin®.

Specific conditions for various cell lines are available in our Polyplus-transfection Database.

Excellent cell viability

When it comes to cell viability, INTERFERin® outperforms other transfection reagents. 48 h after transfection with 1 nM siRNA, cells transfected with INTERFERin® appear healthy, while toxicity is clearly observed with reagent S (Fig. 7).

INTERFERin - Comparison of cell morphology
Fig. 7: INTERFERin® is extremely gentle on cells, as shown in this comparison of cell morphology 48 h after siRNA transfection using INTERFERin® or competitor reagents. A549-GL3Luc cells were transfected in the presence of serum with 1 nM Luciferase siRNA using INTERFERin® or competitors S or H according to the manufacturer’s protocol.

Easy standard protocol

INTERFERin® is ready to use and the protocol is straightforward. A starting concentration of 1 nM siRNA ensures silencing of most genes in most cell types (Fig. 8).
INTERFERin® is compatible with both serum and antibiotics, hence avoiding any time consuming washes and medium changes; furthermore INTERFERin® can be left on the cells without any adverse effects.

INTERFERin - Protocol
Fig. 8: INTERFERin® Protocol

Take a look at our Expert Tips in Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology News .

VIDEO: siRNA transfection using INTERFERin®

Our INTERFERin® reagent is perfectly suited to perform RNA interference experiments, which correspond to the specific inhibition of gene expression promoted by siRNA. siRNAs are gene specific complementary double-stranded RNA oligonucleotides present in the cytoplasm of plants, worms and mammalian cells, and can be efficiently transfected into cells with INTERFERin®.

Read more…

Here is a selection of relevant references using INTERFERin®, more are available in our Polyplus-transfection Database.

Carduner, L., Picot, C. R., Leroy-Dudal, J., Blay, L., Kellouche, S., Carreiras, F. (2014). Cell cycle arrest or survival signaling through alphav integrins, activation of PKC and ERK1/2 lead to anoikis resistance of ovarian cancer spheroids., Exp Cell Res 320, 329-4.

Hu, B., Castillo, E., Harewood, L., Ostano, P., Reymond, A., Dummer, R., Raffoul, W., Hoetzenecker, W., Hofbauer, G. F., Dotto, G. P. (2012).Multifocal epithelial tumors and field cancerization from loss of mesenchymal CSL signaling., Cell 149, 1207.

Lai, L., Song, Y., Liu, Y., Chen, Q., Han, Q., Chen, W., Pan, T., Zhang, Y., Cao, X., Wang, Q. (2013). MicroRNA-92a negatively regulates Toll-like receptor (TLR)-triggered inflammatory response in macrophages by targeting MKK4 kinase., J Biol Chem 288, 7956.

Nilsson, R., Jain, M., Madhusudhan, N., Sheppard, N. G., Strittmatter, L., Kampf, C., Huang, J., Asplund, A., Mootha, V. K. (2014). Metabolic enzyme expression highlights a key role for MTHFD2 and the mitochondrial folate pathway in cancer., Nat Commun 5, 3128.

Qin, W., Shi, Y., Zhao, B., Yao, C., Jin, L., Ma, J., Jin, Y. (2010). MiR-24 regulates apoptosis by targeting the open reading frame (ORF) region of FAF1 in cancer cells., PLoS One 5, e9429.

“I prefer INTERFERin [vs two competitors]. Awesome product with very competitive price.”
Latonia Taliaferro-Smith, Winship Cancer Institute of Emory University, United States

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“Cells seemed to be less stressed compared to [competitor]. I observed less apoptotic cells and will order INTERFERin for my next experiments. Thanks again for the trial sample. Best wishes, Anja”
Anja Bremm, Goethe Universität Frankfurt, Germany

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“I use your INTERFERin siRNA reagent in primary human Macrophages with terrific results.”
Jason Hammonds, Emory University, United States

Every batch of INTERFERin® is tested in house in a transfection assay on A549-Luc cells, constitutively expressing the Luciferase gene. The silencing efficiency obtained using 1 nM siRNA and INTERFERin® for each batch is indicated on the Certificate of Analysis.